Thinking in English: Foundation Critical Thinking
Lawrie Hunter, Kochi University of Technology
The term "critical thinking" has been defined variously, and EFL teachers interested in building CT into their content are often confounded by a confused offering of materials.
This presentation outlines the major variations of the CT theme: American-style issues-based adversarial discourse, de Bono's issues-based divergent thinking, formal logic, and foundation literacy skills.
The second section of the presentation details the presenter's task-based approach to leading upper beginners and lower intermediates towards the skills required to begin the study of critical thinking, as embodied in his textbook, "Critical Thinking."
The learning process involves four steps:
INPUT (demonstration/listening/reading of vocabulary and phrases;
USAGE PRACTICE (activities and tasks using the vocab and phrases;
AUTHENTIC TASK (arranging information, solving problems); and
EXPRESSION (reporting task results as presentations, dramas, videos or written reports).
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